Naoko Takeuchi created the Japanese animated series Sailor Moon from 1992-1997. The series chronicles the escapades of the main character Usagi Tsukino as she changes into the ostensible persona to find the princess in addition to a relic named the “Legendary Silver Crystal.” Throughout Tsukino’s voyage, she guides a miscellaneous cluster of companions, the Sailor Soldiers, or the Sailor Guardians in subsequent books. Their goal is to fight criminals as well as to avoid the burglary of the Silver Crystal and the annihilation of the Solar System.

Toei Animation personalized and fashioned into animated series Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon. All eighteen manga texts were aired in five seasons that spanned 1992-1997. The series was later expanded into three full-length movies, a single television special, in addition to a trio of short movies, and a television version called Pretty Guardian Sailor Moon. As well, many corporations have created products founded on the series, including collectible trading card games, action figures, musicals, many soundtracks, plus several video games. To note, Random House Australia issued the Anglophone publication of manga in Australia as well as New   Zealand.  Kodansha Comics did the same in the United States.

Since it was released, Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon has garnered extensive critical praise and has subsequently been ranked among the most admired manga and anime sequence in television history, selling in excess of thirty five million units worldwide.  Admittedly, Anime’s popularity across the globe is arguably why it has become the most important graphic genre that lifted the reputation of Japanese cartoon in the Western Hemisphere. Frequently credited for making popular the theme of magical girls, Pretty Soldier Sailor Moon has restructured its genre given that earlier magical girls never used authority to combat evil. Clearly, this idea is now regarded as a touchstone standard.

Sailor Moon is structured more or less around a high school pupil named Usagi Tsukino who makes friends with an allegorical cat named Luna. Importantly, Luna is the one who gifts Usagi with the supernatural trinket that transforms her into Sailor Moon–a beautiful warrior whose fortune it is to rescue humanity from malevolence. Together they gather a squad of Sailor Soldiers to locate their leader in addition to the “Legendary Silver Crystal.” During their escapade Luna and Usagi meet Ami Mizuno, who later rouses up as Sailor Mercury; Rei Hino, a neighbouring shrine maiden who develops into Sailor Mars; Makoto Kino, a relocated pupil who soon wakes up as Sailor Jupiter; and Minako Aino, a vibrant hopeful idol who functions as Sailor Venus. Additionally, the cat Artemis escorts him.  They also meet Mamoru Chiba, an apprentice who occasionally helps them in the guise of Tuxedo Mask over the course of their adventure.

The main action of part one surrounds the group’s fights against the Dark Kingdom, which is piloted by Queen Beryl and a squad of soldiers — including the Four Kings of Heaven. In this endeavour to locate the Silver Crystal that will ultimately liberate the wicked captive Queen Metaria, Usagi’s group realizes that in a past existence they were “part of the primeval moon kingdom Silver Millennium” (Earle 349). The moon kingdom is destroyed as a consequence of the battle initialed by means of The Dark Kingdom. Importantly, the moon kingdom’s leader, Queen Serenity, soon deploys her daughter Princess Serenity, as well as her protectors the Sailor Soldiers, their sly consultants Luna and Artemis, along with Prince Endymion into a future time in order to be reinvented using the Silver Chrystal’s force. The squad distinguish Usagi as the revived Serenity and Mamoru in the form of Endymion (Newsome n pag). As well, combatants murder all Four Kings, who end up being Endymion’s watchmen who switched sides in a past reality. In a concluding altercation with the Dark Kingdom, Minako murders Queen Beryl, who along with the soldiers, subsequently forgo their lives in an effort to obliterate Queen Metaria. With the help of the Silver Crystal, Usagi murders Metaria, and brings her friends back to life.

In arc two, Usagi and Mamoru’s offspring Chibiusa turns up from the future to discover the Silver Crystal. Thus, the Soldiers bump into Wiseman plus the Black Moon Clan, who are following her. Chibiusa escorts the Soldiers to the futuristic metropolis Neo-Tokyo, where Chibiusa parents are in power as Neo-Queen Serenity and King Endymion. Throughout the trip they encounter Sailor Pluto, Time-Space Door’s protector. Indeed, Sailor Pluto brings to a close the Prince Demand’s plan to obliterate the time-space continuum, which in the end leads to her fatality. Chibiusa afterwards wakes in the form Soldier — Sailor Chibi Moon — and aids Usagi in slaying Wiseman’s accurate form, Death Phantom.

Equally significant, arc three involves Professor Professor Soichi Tomoe’s creation, the Death Busters. To note, the entourages must relocate Pharaoh 90 to planet Earth. Mistress 9 engrosses Hotaru, whose responsibility is it to unlock the dimensional entrance Pharaoh 90 is obliged to take. Also, Haruka Tenoh and the musician Michiru Kaioh emerge as Sailor Uranus and Sailor Neptune. Together they guard the edge of the Solar System from outside terrorization. Setsuna Meioh ultimately meets up with Usagi, gets possession of the Holy Grail, reincarnates into Super Sailor Moon, plus tries to make use the Grail’s force as well as the Silver Crystal to obliterate Pharaoh 90. Indeed, as a result Hotaru wakes up in the form of Sailor Saturn. It is interesting to remember that Haruka, Michiru, and Setsuna at first consider Hotaru to be a danger to their existence. A forerunner of death, Hotaru implements her authority to annihilate as well as to disunite Pharaoh 90 from the Earth. Importantly, Hotaru instructs Setsuna to put into practice her influence on time and space in order to shut the dimensional doorway. Usagi later exercises her influence to rebuild the globe.

The next to last section presents Queen Nehelenia’s Dead Moon Circus. To this end, Queen Nehelenia becomes the arrogant leader of Silver Millennium and Planet Earth. Nehelenia raids Elysion (the home the Earth’s Golden Kingdom), takes possession if the High Priest Helios and commands her supporters to pilfer the Silver Crystal. All said, it is Mamoru’s status as Prince Endymion that allows him to be the benefactor of the Golden Gemstone — the holy rock of the Golden Realm. Together Mamoru and the militia join their force alongside the Holy Grail’s power. This permits Usagi to convert into Eternal Sailor Moon to slay Four of Nehelenia’s companions. In sum, the Amazoness Quartet are discovered to be the henchmen Sailor Quartet, who were stirred up impulsively to suffer Nehelenia’s corrupting influence.

Lastly, Usagi and her companions start high school and are forced into a clash in opposition to Shadow Galactica—a faction that falsifies its connection to Sailor Soldiers. As their commander, Sailor Galaxia campaigns to rob the Sailor Crystals of loyal Soldiers to bring down the universe in addition to murder the sinister Chaos. Sailor Galaxia pilfers the Sailor Crystals upon murdering Mamoru along with the majority of Sailor Soldiers. To continue, Usagi overcomes Galaxia, and revitalizes her partners once she relocates to Cauldron. Sailor Starlights (inhabitants of Kinmoku), together with their leader Princess Kakyuu, and the child Sailor Chibichibi, later team with Usagi. Chibiusa and the Sailor Quartet afterwards join the groups. Sailor Chibichibi unveils herself as Sailor Cosmos following many skirmishes in addition to the demise of Galaxia. In conclusion, Mamoru as well as the Sailor Soldiers are brought back to consciousness after Usagi fatal confrontation against Chaos.

An excellent pedagogical tool for young learners, the Sailor Moon series embodies themes of bravery, sexuality, and honesty, among many others. Its purpose it to educate the next generation and to celebrate loyalty to one’s nation, as well as to create new forms of expression. With its detailed attention to form, Sailor Moon has established itself as a canonical cartoon chronicle that will continue to encourage succeeding age groups to embody its metaphors.

— Gerardo Del Guercio

Further Reading

  • Earle, Jason. “Teachers and Popular Culture Consumption: Notes Toward an Alternative Theory of Teachers’ Non-Appropriation of Instructional Research.” Popular Culture and Critical Pedagogy: Reading, Constructing, Connecting. Eds. Toby Daspit, John A. Weaver. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc, 2000. 88-103.
  • Ho, Soleil. “What I Learned About Gender and Power From Sailor Moon.” Bitch Magazine. Accessed on August 4, 2015,
  • Newsome, Victoria. “Young Females as Super Heros: Superheroines in the Animated Sailor MoonFemspec 5.2. Accessed on August 4, 2015,